Do you find yourself cajoling, wheedling, demanding and insisting on handwriting practice?
The solution may be simpler than you think. A child can be resistant to practice because some small changes are needed to meet the needs of the child.
Most children struggle to learn proper penmanship. It is a huge developmental task for them. Many burn out, not for lack of practice but for lack of some relatively small adjustment to be made or activity presented.
Here are seven golden tips that are guaranteed to improve your child’s handwriting.
Appropriate desk height
To measure the appropriate desk height for your child, have him hold his arm at his side with the elbow bent at a 45-degree angle. When his forearm can rest on the tabletop, this height will give good writing posture. It is also important to have a chair that allows his feet to rest flat on the floor.
Teach your child early on the correct pencil grip. An incorrect grip is a hard habit to break. We use the word grip, but in reality the pencil should be gently held. A test of this is to slowly pull the pencil from between your child’s fingers. It should slide out easily. To teach the correct grip, lay the pencil across the thumb and second (index) finger. Then, grasp it near the point with thumb and index finger. This pencil position provides easy control without the cramping experienced with many other holding methods.
While learning and using certain styles of handwriting, whether manuscript or cursive, your child will need a model from which to easily work. A copy strip with the letterforms is a great help. Prepare a strip of lined paper with each of the letters of the alphabet, written in the manner you expect your child to print or write. You can copy the appropriate letters from the italic handwriting book. Then, post the copy strip where penmanship practice takes place. Cover the strip with clear, self-adhesive paper to make it last longer.
It can be helpful to begin with a desktop whiteboard and erasable markers. Make a couple of models on the board, commenting where the letter begins and how the strokes are made. Let your child copy the letter as many times as necessary to learn its form correctly. This might be the whole lesson for one day. When your child knows the form, move to lined paper. Show him where the parts of the letter go and give him an opportunity to practice under your watchful eye. Evaluate his writing with comments on letter formation. An example might be, “I like the shape of the oval” or, “Look how nicely this letter touches the top (or bottom) of the line.” Evaluating in this way prepares your child for evaluating his own writing.
Another method to encourage good penmanship is to have your child evaluate his own writing at the end of each practice based a scale that includes: letter form, height, spacing, and consistency. If he is working on an individual letter, have him look at each line, choosing his best and worst letters.
One of the things I’ve found that motivate students to improve their penmanship is to give them something to produce. A special penmanship project such as one of these could be offered to your child:
- Letters to friends
- Verses on fancy paper to hang on their walls
- Poetry to copy (their own, or one they hear and like) and send to someone or to put on a poetry bulletin board, or in their copy notebook
- Cards of all types
- Titles for drawings
- Non-fiction re-writing to put into publication (journal, science newsletter)
- Family history or newsletter
- Historical document in poster form
- Final copies of stories sent to friends or family members.
Other ways to practice penmanship
For just practice of penmanship, some things can be used that are practical, but don’t add much to the student’s work load such as the following
- One day a week use spelling list
- Poetry, verses, or historical documents being memorized
- Spelling or grammar rules to be written in a notebook
- Final copies of stories, letters, thank you notes, or other documents
- Lists to be memorized.
A true-to-CM guide to penmanship
Living Books Curriculum publishes a true-to-CM guide to penmanship showing students how to use italic handwriting. Our guide was created using the guidelines given by Miss Mason. Free shipping if you purchase now. Click image below.
“Some years ago I heard of a lady who was elaborating, by means of the study of old Italian and other manuscripts, a ‘system of beautiful handwriting’ which could be taught to children. [This is] a style of writing which is pleasant to acquire because it is beautiful to behold. It is surprising how quickly young children, even those already confirmed in ‘ugly’ writing, take to this ‘new handwriting.’” (Home Education, p. 235-236)